"Why So Slow? is a breakthrough in the discourse on
gender and has great potential to move the women's movement to a new,
more productive phase."
-- Publisher's Weekly (starred review)
Why do so few women occupy positions of power and prestige? Virginia
Valian uses concepts and data from psychology, sociology, economics,
and biology to explain the disparity in the professional advancement
of men and women. According to Valian, men and women alike have
implicit hypotheses about gender differences -- gender schemas -- that
create small sex differences in characteristics, behaviors,
perceptions, and evaluations of men and women. Those small imbalances
accumulate to advantage men and disadvantage women. The most
important consequence of gender schemas for professional life is that
men tend to be overrated and women underrated.
Valian's goal is to make the invisible factors that retard women's
progress visible, so that fair treatment of men and women will be
possible. The book makes its case with experimental and observational
data from laboratory and field studies of children and adults, and
with statistical documentation on men and women in the professions.
The many anecdotal examples throughout provide a lively counterpoint.