Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
In a series of experiments psychophysical techniques were used to study the relation between binocular rivalry and motion perception. An initial series of experiments confirmed that motion enhances the predominance of an eye during rivalry, although the direction of motion does not matter. The presence of an annulus of motion immediately surrounding one eye's rival target greatly enhances dominance of that target, but the influence of the annulus progressively decreases as the separation between disk and annulus increased. Opponent directions of motion in disk and annulus yield greater dominance than when dots in the disk and annulus moved in identical directions. In a second experiment the two eyes were adapted to orthogonal directions of motion, generating strong, distinctively different monocular motion aftereffects (MAEs). Even though the two eyes view physically identical random-motion displays following differential adaptation, binocular rivalry of the discrepant MAEs can occur. Finally, using a stimulus replacement technique to measure detectability of translational and rotational motion, it was found that both types of motion were readily detected during periods of dominance but went undetected during periods of suppression. Taken together, these results bear on the process responsible for rivalry and its neural locus relative to the analysis of different types of motion.