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Linguistic Inquiry

Winter 2006, Vol. 37, No. 1, Pages 25-49
(doi: 10.1162/002438906775321166)
© 2006 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Differences between the Wh-Scope-Marking and Wh-Copy Constructions in Passamaquoddy
Article PDF (119.55 KB)

Several phenomena in Passamaquoddy clearly distinguish wh-scope marking with ‘what’ from an apparently similar wh-copy construction. These facts argue for a theory of wh-scope marking like that in Bruening 2004 (based on Dayal 1994), where the embedded question is the syntactic and semantic restriction on the matrix wh-word ‘what’. The wh-copy construction, in contrast, is best analyzed as spelling out multiple copies of a long-distance movement chain. This copy theory is extended to scope marking with tan and comparatives in Passamaquoddy.