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Neural Computation

May 1, 2001, Vol. 13, No. 5, Pages 1003-1021
(doi: 10.1162/08997660151134307)
© 2001 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Synchronization in Relaxation Oscillator Networks with Conduction Delays
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We study locally coupled networks of relaxation oscillators with excitatory connections and conduction delays and propose a mechanism for achieving zero phase-lag synchrony. Our mechanism is based on the observation that different rates of motion along different nullclines of the system can lead to synchrony in the presence of conduction delays. We analyze the system of two coupled oscillators and derive phase compression rates. This analysis indicates how to choose nullclines for individual relaxation oscillators in order to induce rapid synchrony. The numerical simulations demonstrate that our analytical results extend to locally coupled networks with conduction delays and that these networks can attain rapid synchrony with appropriately chosen nullclines and initial conditions. The robustness of the proposed mechanism is verified with respect to different nullclines, variations in parameter values, and initial conditions.