288 pp. per issue
6 x 9, illustrated
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Neural Computation

November 1, 2001, Vol. 13, No. 11, Pages 2495-2516
(doi: 10.1162/089976601753195996)
© 2001 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Period Focusing Induced by Network Feedback in Populations of Noisy Integrate-and-Fire Neurons
Article PDF (165.3 KB)

The population dynamics of an ensemble of nonleaky integrate-and-fire stochastic neurons is studied. The model selected allows for a detailed analysis of situations where noise plays a dominant role. Simulations in a regime with weak to moderate interactions show that a mechanism of excitatory message interchange among the neurons leads to a decrease in the firing period dispersion of the individual units. The dispersion reduction observed is larger than what would be expected from the decrease in the period. This ‘period focusing’ is explained using a mean-field model. It is a dynamical effect that arises from the progressive decrease of the effective firing threshold as a result of the messages received by each unit from the rest of the population. A back-of-the-envelope formula to calculate this nontrivial dispersion reduction and a simple geometrical description of the effect are also provided.