288 pp. per issue
6 x 9, illustrated
2014 Impact factor:

Neural Computation

Spring 1990, Vol. 2, No. 1, Pages 25-34
(doi: 10.1162/neco.1990.2.1.25)
© 1990 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
An Optoelectronic Architecture for Multilayer Learning in a Single Photorefractive Crystal
Article PDF (471.67 KB)

We propose a simple architecture for implementing supervised neural network models optically with photorefractive technology. The architecture is very versatile: a wide range of supervised learning algorithms can be implemented including mean-field-theory, backpropagation, and Kanerva-style networks. Our architecture is based on a single crystal with spatial multiplexing rather than the more commonly used angular multiplexing. It handles hidden units and places no restrictions on connectivity. Associated with spatial multiplexing are certain physical phenomena, rescattering and beam depletion, which tend to degrade the matrix multiplications. Detailed simulations including beam absorption and grating decay show that the supervised learning algorithms (slightly modified) compensate for these degradations.