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Neural Computation

June 2009, Vol. 21, No. 6, Pages 1554-1588
(doi: 10.1162/neco.2009.06-07-548)
© 2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
A First-Order Nonhomogeneous Markov Model for the Response of Spiking Neurons Stimulated by Small Phase-Continuous Signals
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We present a first-order nonhomogeneous Markov model for the interspike-interval density of a continuously stimulated spiking neuron. The model allows the conditional interspike-interval density and the stationary interspike-interval density to be expressed as products of two separate functions, one of which describes only the neuron characteristics and the other of which describes only the signal characteristics. The approximation shows particularly clearly that signal autocorrelations and cross-correlations arise as natural features of the interspike-interval density and are particularly clear for small signals and moderate noise. We show that this model simplifies the design of spiking neuron cross-correlation systems and describe a four-neuron mutual inhibition network that generates a cross-correlation output for two input signals.